|Author: Ewan Gibbs|
This is the abstract of an article published in Labour History Review (2021), 86, (1), 117-143. Find out more.
This paper examines the construction of a factory occupation’s “usable past”. It analyses how the political culture of the multinational “branch plant” has combined with the optics of class and nation that predominate in accounts of Scottish deindustrialization. During 2017, the Caterpillar Workers Legacy Group commemorated the occupation of Caterpillar’s tractor plant in Uddingston, Lanarkshire, thirdly years earlier. The occupation endured for 103 days becoming a labour movement cause celebre. Commemoration included workforce reunions, museum exhibitions, drama performances and an anniversary debate in the Scottish Parliament. Legacy Group members archived the occupation “from below”, including by recording oral testimonies. The occupation was rooted in a tradition of “rank-and-filist” factory trade unionism and use gained by a left-wing activist infrastructure which shaped the dispute’s contemporary framing and historical legacy. A culture of radical labourism that rejected managerial authority and profit-making as the factory’s basis for operation enthused the occupation’s defence of the right to work. These actions now form the basis for embedding a political and cultural “working-class presence” long after Caterpillar departed from Uddingston. The (co-)production of labour-movement heritages is a complex process, shaped by enduring activists repertoires as well as dominant public memories.